Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Music Pakistan: Mukhtar Begum

Mukhtar Begum, the elder sister of Farida Khanum (subject of yesterday’s post), was already a highly regarded singer and artist in the 1930s and 40s. Alert readers of the Dog may recall that she was also the musical idol of Pakistan’s (and indeed, India’s) greatest film playback singer, Nur Jehan and the one whose shafarish (introductions) got the young Kasur girl her initial break in the world of the studios. Though she herself starred in a few films it was her singing of thumris, ghazals and dadras that made her one of the sub-continent’s iconic artists.
A ravishing beauty Mukhtar Begum was a famous stage dancer in 1930s. She came in contact with Agha Hashar during a theatre performance. His patronage took her fame to almost celestial heights. Subsequently, the two decided to marry.
Mukhtar Begum was born in Amritsar. Trained initially by Mian Mehrban Khan in Music, Mukhtar then underwent a long apprenticeship under Ustad Ashiq Ali Khan of Patiala gharana. Her intense training equipped her well to practise different genres  of classical music - Thumri, Dadra and Ghazal. Soon her fame as a melody queen spread far and wide in undivided Punjab. The elite sections of the society invited her to perform mujras at their havelis and mansions. Her melodic skills were also witnessed in the courts of Nawabs and Maharajas in different regions of India.
After some time, Mukhtar Begum shifted to Calcutta, which was then the hub of theatre and films. It was there that she played a lead role in many stage plays, scripted by Agha Hashar. During her stay in Calcutta, Madam Nur Jehan (then Allah Wasai) met her ideal singer Mukhtar Begum. The latter encouraged her and recommended Allah Wasai to her husband's Maidan Theatre and here she got the name of "Baby Nurjehan".
Mukhtar Begum also acted in a couple of films. Some of her roles in films were unintentionally amusing. Habib Tanvir recalls," In one film, Mukhtar Begum sat with all her bulk, face front, in a mid-shot, static, and sang a classical song as long as perhaps 20 minutes that appeared to be an infinity, and yet it was an edifying experience".
She also broadcast her music from All India Radio. Mukhtar Begum participated in a number of music conferences organised in pre-partition India. Towards the fag end of her illustrious career, she recorded several ghazals, including many ghazals of Agha Hashar. Her thumri-accented ghazals of classical Urdu poets recorded for the gramophone companies and radio became her identity and also a hallmark of her personality. According to M Sayeed Malik, a music connoisseur, "There was a certain uniqueness and vivacity in her vocals, which distinguished her from her contemporaries". Mukhtar Begum always chose Punjabi ang style of thumri, though she was not averse to Poorbi style.
After partition she decided to leave India and settled in Lahore. She continued to sing as long as her health permitted. Her illustrious students, to whom she imparted training in music and performing skills included her sister Farida Khanum, Playback singer Naseem Begum and film star Rani. In her last years she lived in Karachi, where she passed away on February 25, 1982. (http://ikashmir.net/rktamiri/aghahashar.html)

This collection from Radio Pakistan is titled ‘Ghazals’ but includes several thumris as well. The classical flavour of this selection is delicious.


            Track Listing:
01 Chori Kaheen Khuley Na
02 Mere Qaboo Main Na
03 Rota Hai Dil
04 Be Mehr Iltemas-E-Tamanna
05 Yaad Main Teri Jahan Ko
06 Laagi Nahin Chootey Raja (Dadra)
07 Nanandya Kahey Marey Bol (Thumri Peeloo)
08 Jo Main Tosey Nahin Boloon (Thumri Bhairveen)
09 Kaisey Bedardi Key Paaley Parrey (Dadra Khamach)

Listen here.

6 comments:

DrKashyap said...

Thanks Mr. Nate for this wonderful post. I have heard ( subject to verification only ) that she was a mother of Farida khanum. To maintain the young status in the society, she used to introduce her as her younger sister. Farida khanum had another sister named bilquis khanum who married to sitar player Rais khan. This needs confirmation by knowledgeable person.

ajnabi said...

I have heard this too...but am not the knowledgable person!

Ajay Cadambi said...

Thank you so much for posting this album. I hope you will post music by the other famous mother-daughter duo, zahida and shahida parveen.

ajnabi said...

Ajay,
After a break I will certainly do that!

Ajay Cadambi said...

Thank you.

Anonymous said...

I am thankful for the postings. This set (Music Pakistan) of 57 CDs a selection from archives of Radio Pakistan was selected by my deceased uncle M. Said Malik. He was a musician and a music journalist (see the Mukhtar Begum item). I got the information too late that this set of cds had been issued. I have been trying to buy it but noboby, even the company herself does not know about it. Can anybody help (zamalik@t-online.de)? In the meantime please keep on posting. Would love to hear more of the classical instrumental cds. A 15 cd part of this set.